|Trainees Arrive at Sioux City High School|
Locally, the U.S. Army sent one hundred eighty trainees to Sioux City High School, now better known as Central High School and the Castle on the Hill. These trainees studied telegraphy, semaphore and cabinetry making. The men were broken into three companies consisting of sixty men each. The first company trained to send and receive messages over the telegraph. The second company trained to read and send messages by signal flags (semaphore). The final company was trained in building basic and advanced carpentry pieces. They practiced making everything they would need to create or repair at a military base. Bookcases, chairs, and desks are among the pieces they learned to
build. They spent three months working on their skills, which would serve many of them just as well in peacetime. Due to the nature of their training, these were 'Class B' draftees, who were unable to find other - more necessary - work.  Soldiers’ activities and experiences were not limited to military skills and information on the current war. They also received medical attention to prevent problems that were occurring on the battlefield. One such preventative was a typhoid vaccination, which resulted in a temporary quarantine.Typhoid killed, or at least infected, many of the soldiers overseas. It was especially dangerousin the trenches. However, it could also be common in America as well. Inoculations were something that many of these Class B individuals may not have been able to get before. Finally, the skills, aid, and experiences welded this mass of individuals into a single skilled whole, which was more than the sum of its parts. Comparing the arrival and final informal photos of the trainees revealshow much their attitudes had changed. They went from a crowd of tired civilians to a relaxed and happy group of soldiers, ready to sail off to the big show.
|Final picture of woodworking company|
Since all of the veterans of the Great War are dead, all one hundred eighty trainees are dead. Also, no paperwork currently archived lists the names of the trainees. However, researchers can create a partial list. Captain A.A. Roe led the training unit with the aid of Lieutenant Harry H. Brown. The two of them taught the one hundred eighty draftees military discipline and expectations for the three months. To instruct them in their jobs (of telegraphy, semaphore, and woodworking), L.H. Wood was brought in as the director of school instruction. There are also a couple of dozen names located in a pamphlet also housed at the Sioux City Museum; which lays out the itinerary from a musical performance that the trainees gave to the people of Sioux City at the end of their training. (See the end for a list of all names.)
W.C. Ramsay and Harrold Klise, “Iowa in the World War,” in Iowa Official Register, 28 (Des Moines, IA: The State of Iowa, 1920), V–VIII, https://www.legis.iowa.gov/docs/publications/REDBK/860886.pdf; “School Selects Arriving,” Sioux City Journal, July 16, 1918, sec. 7.
“School Selects Arriving.”
Barton C. Hacker, “Engineering a New Order: Military Institutions, Technical Education, and the Rise of the Industrial State,” Technology and Culture 34, no. 1 (1993): 1–27, https://doi.org/10.2307/3106453.
“Student Army Training Corps: Descriptive Circular.”
“School Quarantine Raised,” Sioux City Journal, July 28, 1918, sec. 14.
War Department, Arrival of Detachment, September 1918, Film, September 1918, 165-WW-112E-1, National Archives, https://catalog.archives.gov/id/26427984.
“School Selects Arriving”; “S. A. T. C. at Morningside,” Collegian Reporter, November 20, 1918, Vol. XXIII No. 1 edition, sec. 1, Morningside College Digital Collegian Reporter.
“School Selects Arriving.”
The Sioux City Training Detachment, “The Military Minstrels,” September 5, 1918, SC63.Central High School Memorabilia 1909-1924, Sioux City Public Museum.
Don't forget to check out the original blog: http://casinerina.blogspot.com